Images for reflection (I): Evolution of the views on “What participation is”

9. September 2009 – 00:07 by Asociacion Ciudades Kyosei

Evolution of the views on what participation is

“Evolution” of the views on “What participation is”??
Everybody is invited to reflect on it.


ARNSTEIN, S.R. (1969) “A Ladder of Citizen Participation”, American Institute of Planners Journal, nº 35 (4): págs. 216-224. []

IAPP (2000) AIP2 Spectrum of Public Participation, Westminster: International Association for Public Participation. []

GRAMBERGER, M. (2001) Citizens as Partners: OECD handbook on Information, Consultation and Public Participation in Policy-Making, Paris: OECD Publications Service. []

[In Publication] PRIETO-MARTÍN, P. (2009) (e)Participación en el Ámbito Local: caminando hacia una democracia colaborativa, Sololá (Guatemala): Asociación Ciudades Kyosei. []
[The first two chapters of the book will be presented at the “XIV CLAD Congress on State Reform and Modernization (Salvador de Bahia - Brasil)” - 27.-30. October 2009; they received the 2nd. Prize of the Congress’ Monographs Contest about: “Citizen Participation in Public Management”]

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